Infectious Diseases

2018/08/03MEDICAL UPDATE

Questionable penicillin allergy diagnosis increases risk of MRSA and C. difficile 

A retrospective study of outpatient records for millions of  patients in the UK  reveals that  the overuse of broad-spectrum alternative antibiotics among patients who are probably not allergic to penicillin has increased risks of spreading in the general population MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) and Clostridium difficile (C. difficile). The findings were published online on June 27, 2018 in The BMJ/The British Medical Journal.

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2018/05/02MEDICAL UPDATE

Flu or pneumonia increases risk of heart attack or stroke, especially in seniors

By Bruce Sylvester Researchers from a retrospective, observational study report that victims of flu or pneumonia have a significantly increased risk of heart attack or stroke in the days after their infection.  The findings appeared on March 21, 2018 in the European Respiratory Journal.

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2018/04/08MEDICAL UPDATE

Italy: Hepatitis epidemic linked to European outbreaks

By Gary Finnegan Hepatitis A viruses (HAVs) circulating in an ongoing outbreak among men who have sex with men (MSM) in the Lombardy region of Italy are predominantly attributable to strains linked to two other recent outbreaks in Europe, according to research presented at The International Liver Congress 2018 in Paris, France.

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2016/09/05MEDICAL UPDATE

World Health Matters: Germany: Concern over hepatitis B among refugees

by Gary Finnegan: People seeking refuge and asylum in Germany are at higher risks of liver problems due to hepatitis B, according to experts.

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2016/08/18MEDICAL UPDATE

Risk of fans catching dengue fever during Olympics ‘very low’

The risk of sports fans catching dengue fever during the Rio Olympics is very low, according to a new study involving mathematicians at the University of Strathclyde.

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2016/02/23MEDICAL UPDATE

World Health Matters: The Netherlands: HIV epidemic persists in the Netherlands

by Gary Finnegan: HIV is easier than ever to prevent, detect and treat. Yet while life expectancy for people with the virus have improved over the past decade, the disease is proving difficult to stamp out and continues to spread in Europe.

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2016/02/16MEDICAL UPDATE

EMA Highlights: Europe to support Zika trials

by Gary Finnegan: The European Medicines Agency has set up a task force on Zika virus in an effort to accelerate the development of new medicines and vaccines against the disease. The group includes experts in infectious disease, vaccines and other specialists with relevant knowledge on the threat of Zika fever.

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2015/07/29MEDICAL UPDATE

Hepatitis C genotype 1 patients, with or without cirrhosis, show high rates of response to combination therapy

by Bruce Sylvester: Researchers from two newly published studies patients report that patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 infection and with or without cirrhosis have achieved high rates of sustained virologic response after 12 weeks of treatment with combination daclatasvir, asunaprevir, and beclabuvir.

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2015/07/21MEDICAL UPDATE

Daily bathing of pediatric patients with antiseptic cuts bloodstream infections by 59 percent

Daily bathing of pediatric patients with disposable cloths containing 2 percent chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) reduced central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) by 59 percent and saved approximately $300,000 in one hospital over a six-month period, according to a new study.

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2015/07/17MEDICAL UPDATE

More secondary schooling reduces HIV risk

Longer secondary schooling substantially reduces the risk of HIV infection--especially for girls--and could be a very cost-effective way to halt the spread of the virus, according to researchers from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. In a study in Botswana, researchers found that, for each additional year of secondary school, students lowered their risk of HIV infection by 8 percentage points about a decade later, from 25% to about 17% infected.

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